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ABSTRACT

1.0 INTRODUCTION


2.0 THE BASICS OF CSP TECHNOLOGY

2.1 How CSP works: description of the technology
2.2 Brief history of CSP and current state
2.3 Brief description of four main configurations (Parabolic Trough, Power Tower,    Fresnel and Dish)
2.4 Storage (brief description of its workings and value – what’s good about storage)
2.5 Requirements: solar (DNI) and land requirements (ft2 and m2 per MW)


3.0 THE CSP MARKET

3.1 Introduction to the CSP market

3.1.1 General Overview of the Industry: general commentary including where is the industry, why it is there, who the main players are and what is the installed capacity worldwide.
3.1.2 Drivers: including but not limited to government incentives (FiT, Tax credits, Grants, etc), government regulation (renewable energy targets/ quotas), energy security and diversification, job creation, climate change
3.1.3 Barriers: including but not limited to water scarcity in high DNI areas, relative high price, transmission costs, lengthy permitting processes, scarce financing, etc

3.2 CSP Companies and role in the Value Chain

3.2.1 Explanation of the CSP value chain: what are the main functions, what are the main companies fulfilling these functions and how the whole business ties in together. Include: value chain graph, point out at how the value chain is slightly different in Spain and the US (in Spain the utilities are less involved as there’s no PPA).

3.3 CSP Capacity and Projects worldwide (in MW)

  • Installed CSP capacity per Country
  • Announced/Planned capacity by Country
  • Installed CSP Capacity per technology
  • Installed CSP capacity by project developer (in MW)    
  • Under Construction/Announced CSP capacity by project developer
  • List of CSP projects worldwide by developer including: Name of Developer, Plant name and location, Technology (trough, etc.), Power (MW), Storage integration (yes/no), Status (Operating since, Under Construction, Planning/Permitting)

3.4. Forecast for the deployment of CSP

These calculations should be original to the report and carried out by the Researcher specifically for this Report

  • Outline and Explanation of Assumptions
  • CSP installations worldwide total in MW
  • Breakdown per Country (worldwide)
  • Breakdown per technology

4.0 CSP PERFORMANCE (per technology)

4.1 General Considerations

4.1.1 Parameters of performance (Explain parameters used for assessing the performance of a CSP plant)
4.1.2 Seasonal and hourly variations of electricity yield (Include Graph)
4.1.3 Storage integration

4.2 Parabolic Trough

4.2.1 Description of the technology

General description of Parabolic Trough Technology including:

  • Performance (Facts)
  • Efficiency
  • Capacity Factor
  • Temperature of Operation
  • Annual Electricity Yield
  • Water Consumption per MWh
  • Land Requirements (per MW)
  • Storage (hrs and medium)
  •  Integration with fossil fuel plants

4.2.2 Status of the technology (technological maturity, share of the market by MW installed)
4.2.3 Pros and Cons of Parabolic Troughs

  • Performance (Facts)
  • Efficiency
  • Capacity Factor
  • Temperature of Operation
  • Annual Electricity Yield
  • Water Consumption per MWh
  • Land Requirements (per MW)
  • Storage (hrs and medium)

4.2.4 Case Study (Nevada Solar One, perhaps)

General account of the construction of this plant including:

  • Time to completion
  • Initial Investment Costs and LEC

4.3 Tower (Central Receiver)

Performance facts:

  • Efficiency
  • Capacity Factor
  • Temperature of Operation
  • Annual Electricity Yield
  • Water Consumption per MWh
  • Land Requirements (per MW)
  • Storage (hrs and medium)

4.3.1 Description of the technology
4.3.2 Status of the technology (technological maturity, share of the market by MW installed)
4.3.3 Pros and Cons of Towers
4.3.4 Performance (Facts)
4.3.5 Case Study (PS10 or PS20 in Spain unless one is built in the USA before hand)

4.4 Fresnel (Same as Trough and Tower)

4.5 Dish (Same as Trough and Tower)

4.6 Performance Comparison between different CSP technologies

Build a table with main variables and comment on this table. Include the following in your comments:

  • System Efficiency
  • Capacity Factor
  • Operating Temperature
  • Annual Electricity Yield
  • Power Capacity Range
  • Water Consumption per MWh (litres and gallons)
  • Land Requirements (per MW)
  • Storage integration (can it be integrated?)
  • Technological maturity

4.7 Possible performance improvements: Direct Steam Generation and Super Heated Steam for all technologies

  • Impact of a higher operating temperature
  • Impact of a simplification of the system brought about by Direct Steam Generation
  • Impact of higher efficiency

5.0 COSTS OF CSP PER TECHNOLOGY

5.1 General Considerations

What impacts on costs and how?

  • Definition of costs: Levelised Electricity Costs (brief explanation, lengthier explanation in appendix)
  • Scale of the project: do costs decrease proportionally to scale?
  • Performance of CSP plant: impact of higher efficiency on electricity yield and water consumption
  • Solar Resources
  • Terms of financing
  • Tax Credits and Regulations (impact of…)

5.2 Current Costs per Technology (Parabolic Trough, Tower, Fresnel and Dish)

  • Initial Investment Cost (without storage)
  • Initial Investment Costs (with storage)
  • Initial Investment Costs Breakdown (Solar Field, Power Block, Heliostats, O&M, BOP, Storage, etc…)
  • Total Lifecycle Cost
  • Levelised Cost of Electricity at average NDIs different locations (Calf., & Nevada)
  • Cost comparison between different technologies

6.0 Outlook of LEC through to 2020

  • What is the scope for cost reductions?
  • How could the main cost reductions be achieved?
  • Perspectives of different technologies

7.0 CONCLUSIONS


8.0 REFERENCES


APPENDIXES

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